1. A group of three elements, normally of the same kind
2. Two interacting systems that produce a third one at a higher level of complexity.
Only this second definition is of real interest, because it describes the most elemental building block of any kind of systems. This process was described by C.S. PEIRCE as "thirdness".
- 1) General information
- 2) Methodology or model
- 3) Epistemology, ontology and semantics
- 4) Human sciences
- 5) Discipline oriented
To cite this page, please use the following information:
Bertalanffy Center for the Study of Systems Science (2020). Title of the entry. In Charles François (Ed.), International Encyclopedia of Systems and Cybernetics (2). Retrieved from www.systemspedia.org/[full/url]
We thank the following partners for making the open access of this volume possible: