"A compromise or exchange which decision makers must effect when all their objectives cannot be carried out at the same time" (J.van GIGCH, 1978, p.119).
The goal of trade-offs is optimization. However van GIGCH observes that there are false trade-offs, "those that promote "sector improvements" solely within one system or at one system level, while neglecting the trade-offs among different systems and systems levels and while overlooking the objectives of the total system. These false trade-offs are called suboptimization" (p.133).
Good trade-offs thus depend on a correct understanding of the interrelations between levels in systems or their relations with their environmental meta-system.
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Bertalanffy Center for the Study of Systems Science (2020). Title of the entry. In Charles François (Ed.), International Encyclopedia of Systems and Cybernetics (2). Retrieved from www.systemspedia.org/[full/url]
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