G. KLIR explains that, within a selected time frame for observation of a system, it is necessary to establish:
"1. (A) basic time, which may be represented either by the idealized continous real time measured with respect to an idealized initial time instant, or by a suitable periodic time event such as a computer clock
"2. (A) defined time, characterized by a suitable resolution level" (1975, p.151).
"Suitability" is, of course defined in correspondence with significant changes of the system to be observed. Climatic and meteorological changes must be observed on different time resolution levels. This feature implies problems related to interpolations and extrapolations, which may be more or less acceptable, according to the chosen time resolution level, because this latter acts unavoidedly as a kind of data filter on the registering of the state transitions.
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To cite this page, please use the following information:
Bertalanffy Center for the Study of Systems Science (2020). Title of the entry. In Charles François (Ed.), International Encyclopedia of Systems and Cybernetics (2). Retrieved from www.systemspedia.org/[full/url]
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