Systems and their components have been classified from different viewpoints by a number of systemists, as for example K. BOULDING (1956), J.G. MILLER (1978) and G. KLIR (1969) in the States and E. JANTSCH (1975), J.L.LE MOIGNE (1977), B. WALLISER (1977) and J. LESOURNE (1976) in Europe. P. VOLTES BOU (of Barcelona) (1978) and B. WALLISER (1977) have also proposed a classification of models types.
L. TRONCALE intended a general classification of cybernetic and systemic isomorphies (1985).
As each pursues some specific finality, none of these taxonomies is exclusive of the others, while some are in part coincident. None should be considered as the ultimate truth, as they are merely kind of general maps of a very complex field and, moreover tend as any classification, to be somewhat procustean: cutting or adding characteristics to suit the general idea. In any case, they are useful and a practical necessity.
CHANG-GEN-BAHG more recently tried to establish a taxonomy of systems theories and a "system of systems sciences ", including "systemology, systems methodology and systems engineering" (1990. p. 79-107).
- 1) General information
- 2) Methodology or model
- 3) Epistemology, ontology and semantics
- 4) Human sciences
- 5) Discipline oriented
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Bertalanffy Center for the Study of Systems Science (2020). Title of the entry. In Charles François (Ed.), International Encyclopedia of Systems and Cybernetics (2). Retrieved from www.systemspedia.org/[full/url]
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