A redundant proposition or "A proposition which repeats the same idea in other terms" (E. SCHWARZ, 1993, P.13)
This is the classical philosophical meaning of the word. In SCHWARZ's words: "According to context, a tautology can be no more than a repetition or triviality that does not add anything to which is known… or on the contrary a selfreferential proposition"
Indeed, the general concept of autopoiesis introduces an interesting new shade of meaning, related to the self-reproduction or organizational closure of autopoietic systems.
E. SCHWARZ describes it in this case as "… a foundational self-referential proposition, which is fundamental or basic, as for example the identity principle in classical logic: A=A, what is, is" (1993, p.13)
But… is this meaningful, or meaningless?
- 1) General information
- 2) Methodology or model
- 3) Epistemology, ontology and semantics
- 4) Human sciences
- 5) Discipline oriented
To cite this page, please use the following information:
Bertalanffy Center for the Study of Systems Science (2020). Title of the entry. In Charles François (Ed.), International Encyclopedia of Systems and Cybernetics (2). Retrieved from www.systemspedia.org/[full/url]
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