W. ULRICH advocates a "Critical systems heuristics" in order to maintain a continuous reflection on the inevitably partial character of our understanding and design of complex human systems.
ULRICH enounces "Twelve Critically-Heuristic Categories of Pragmatic Mapping" to be used to obtain a good representation of human systems, including motivation, control, expertise, and legitimation from the different viewpoints of those affected and those involved. (1983, p.244-64).
- 1) General information
- 2) Methodology or model
- 3) Epistemology, ontology and semantics
- 4) Human sciences
- 5) Discipline oriented
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Bertalanffy Center for the Study of Systems Science (2020). Title of the entry. In Charles François (Ed.), International Encyclopedia of Systems and Cybernetics (2). Retrieved from www.systemspedia.org/[full/url]
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