D. DURAND emits the following "guidelines for a correct use of the systemic method" (1979, p.69);
"5 "negative" guidelines
- not to reduce variety in order to simplify
- not to eliminate uncertainty or randomness
- not to ignore constraints
- not to cut feedback loops
- not to try to be exhaustive
"5 heuristic type guidelines
- Favour a revealing model over an explanation
- Start with a synchronic approach, and follow with a diachronic one
- Think of function and structure alternatively
- Put emphasis on the systems links
- Put emphasis on the regulation subsystem
"5 guidelines for action
- Define goals, better than establish a program
- Allow for autonomy at each level
- Use information, more than energy
- Take in account delays in responses
- Maintain adaptation margins".
While possibly somewhat too systematic, these guidelines are surely useful, and even basic for the understanding and the management of complex situations.
"Information" should include the complete "tool-box" of systemic concepts and models.
Systemics should, in the opinion of this compiler, never be considered in a presciptive way. It could not justify any ideology. Such a deformation would become very confusing and dangerous.
- 1) General information
- 2) Methodology or model
- 3) Epistemology, ontology and semantics
- 4) Human sciences
- 5) Discipline oriented
To cite this page, please use the following information:
Bertalanffy Center for the Study of Systems Science (2020). Title of the entry. In Charles François (Ed.), International Encyclopedia of Systems and Cybernetics (2). Retrieved from www.systemspedia.org/[full/url]
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