SYSTEM (Teleogenic) 1)2)
"A system capable to generate its own goals" (N.A. COULTER Jr., 1968, p.35).
COULTER,Jr. gives the brain as an example: "A brain… has been designed by evolution to survive in an uncertain and sometimes hostile environment. In contrast to a computer, a brain is a teleogenic system… While under some conditions a brain may be controlled by outside goals or forces, it necessarily includes a self-determined component" (Ibid).
This was written in 1968, when the more precise concept of organizational closure of the whole (and not merely the self-determined component) was not yet well known.
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Bertalanffy Center for the Study of Systems Science (2020). Title of the entry. In Charles François (Ed.), International Encyclopedia of Systems and Cybernetics (2). Retrieved from www.systemspedia.org/[full/url]
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