"A system that changes the states of its components in a operationally closed way" (P.M. HEJL, 1992, p.115).
HEJL states the following consequences:
-Self-maintaining systems are necessarily self-referential;
-However, not all self-referential systems are self-maintaining (Ibid).
HEJL gives as an example of this last case, the brain, which could not be self-referential if it was not maintained by the whole biological system.
This neatly shows the difference between independence (inexistent), and autonomy in autopoietic systems.
- 1) General information
- 2) Methodology or model
- 3) Epistemology, ontology and semantics
- 4) Human sciences
- 5) Discipline oriented
To cite this page, please use the following information:
Bertalanffy Center for the Study of Systems Science (2020). Title of the entry. In Charles François (Ed.), International Encyclopedia of Systems and Cybernetics (2). Retrieved from www.systemspedia.org/[full/url]
We thank the following partners for making the open access of this volume possible: