1. A system that construct itself by joining parts formerly separated.
This is the transit from no-organization to organization.
This meaning, according to W.R. ASHBY, who proposed it (see 1981, p.58), is "simple and unobjectionable". It possibly looks simple because we see it at work so frequently. However the initial conditions, causes and ways of the shaping of specific links and interactions among the newly connecting elements in this autogenesis process still remain relatively obscure.
Thereafter, still in ASHBY's words the system changes "from a bad organization to a good one". "Bad" seems unluckily valorative. In any case, the system must first of all come into existence, a process now quite well explained by V. CSANYI's models of the zero system and its autogenic precursors (1989, 1993). It can then change from a simpler to a more complex type of organization, or from one type to another one, in accordance with varying internal or external conditions. This lead us to the second definition.
2. "A system able, with no explicit outside help, of improving its performance while pursuing its goals" (Adapted from G. KLIR, 1991, p.156).
This is obtained by modifying (see preceding entry) the organization of the interactions between the elements of the system.
This kind of processes has been investigated by H. HAKEN (synergetics) and also through the study of networks progressing toward a more ordered organization. Self-organization is also closely related to the emergence of autopoiesis, because an already existing system is "organizationally closed" and thus able to modify its internal structures and processes only within very narrow limits. This is the case for ex., of any living system.
Finally, giant fluctuations in dissipative systems far-from-equilibrium (I. PRIGOGINE et al.) may be conducive to the emergence of a higher level of organization, a process also possibly more related to autogenesis than to self-organization.
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Bertalanffy Center for the Study of Systems Science (2020). Title of the entry. In Charles François (Ed.), International Encyclopedia of Systems and Cybernetics (2). Retrieved from www.systemspedia.org/[full/url]
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