"Any system characterized by an irreversible evolution towards a fixed stationary state, called attractor"(S.H. STROGATZ & I. STEWART, 1990, p.100-1).
"This type of systems may be described by a quite precise equation, which permits to compute the stationary state towards which they tend. Examples of open dissipative systems near equilibrium (i.e., which have a linear movement equation) are numerous: slow flowing rivers, heat flow through a partition, common chemical reactions, motors, etc… "(Ibid).
They are characterized by an "evolution of entropic type" "attracted" by the most probable state, the one of maximum disorder (or the one of stationary state of the same type…)" (Ibid).
This type of system can however maintain itself in a regime of dynamic stability during a more or less protracted period, while stabilizing its entropy production to the lowest level compatible with its characteristics.
When the system finally reaches its attractor, it destroys itself as a system and its elements recover their independence.
- 1) General information
- 2) Methodology or model
- 3) Epistemology, ontology and semantics
- 4) Human sciences
- 5) Discipline oriented
To cite this page, please use the following information:
Bertalanffy Center for the Study of Systems Science (2020). Title of the entry. In Charles François (Ed.), International Encyclopedia of Systems and Cybernetics (2). Retrieved from www.systemspedia.org/[full/url]
We thank the following partners for making the open access of this volume possible: