Transition toward a higher level of control in a system.
Such a process may take place when the existing cognitive subsystem is no longer able to cope with a growing complexity, which happens "… if the variety of possible actions is larger than (its) capacity for control."(F. HEYLIGHEN, 1991).
Through this kind of complexity emergence "… a number of control systems are integrated into a single whole with the formation of a global control system" (Ibid).
HEYLIGHEN adds: "… the emergence of control leads to an increase of variety, whereas the increase of variety, if it is large enough, stimulates the emergence of a new control in a positive feedback cycle" (Ibid).
In this way a hierarchy of controls builds progressively up. Furthermore: "… once the control at the higher or meta-level has emerged, the number of subsystems it controls will in general increase. V. TURCHIN calls this phenomenon the branching growth of the penultimate lever" (Ibid).
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Bertalanffy Center for the Study of Systems Science (2020). Title of the entry. In Charles François (Ed.), International Encyclopedia of Systems and Cybernetics (2). Retrieved from www.systemspedia.org/[full/url]
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