Any systems "whose organization is such that it does not produce the components and processes which realize them as unities" (F.G. VARELA; H.R. MATURANA & R. URIBE, 1991, p.561).
Man-constructed systems are allopoietic (at least until now).
The authors explain: "The actual realization of these systems, therefore, is determined by processes which do not enter in their organization".
Furthermore: "Allopoietic systems are by constitution non-autonomous insofar as their realization and permanence as unities are not related to their operation" (Ibid).
Such systems must be started. However, once functioning, and the existence of their allopoietic conditions guaranteed, they seem to possess at least some degree of autonomy, specially if they are equiped with internal regulators.
- 1) General information
- 2) Methodology or model
- 3) Epistemology, ontology and semantics
- 4) Human sciences
- 5) Discipline oriented
To cite this page, please use the following information:
Bertalanffy Center for the Study of Systems Science (2020). Title of the entry. In Charles François (Ed.), International Encyclopedia of Systems and Cybernetics (2). Retrieved from www.systemspedia.org/[full/url]
We thank the following partners for making the open access of this volume possible: