"Any structural difference between a message sent and the message received" (R.L. ACKOFF & F.E. EMERY, 1972, p.182).
These authors, who introduce the notion, make a curious comment: "Even if a message is not changed structurally, it may not be received (that is, interpreted or decoded) as it was sent. What is intended as a compliment by A may be interpreted as an insult by B: "You look so much younger than you are" (Ibid).
Is this not stretching the notion too much?
- 1) General information
- 2) Methodology or model
- 3) Epistemology, ontology and semantics
- 4) Human sciences
- 5) Discipline oriented
To cite this page, please use the following information:
Bertalanffy Center for the Study of Systems Science (2020). Title of the entry. In Charles François (Ed.), International Encyclopedia of Systems and Cybernetics (2). Retrieved from www.systemspedia.org/[full/url]
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