SUBSUMPTION ARCHITECTURE 1)2)5)
The construction of complex behaviors in robots, by interactions of simpler ones.
This concept has been introduced by R. BROOKS (1989), and is based on the belief that intelligence does not necessarily needs reason.
According to BROOKS, "… complex behavior becomes possible in a robot only when there are simpler behaviors present that it may subsume" (A.K. DEWDNEY, 1992, p.19).
P. WALLICH states that "complex behaviors such as exploration of the environment are built up from simple ones like moving a single leg…".
In this way it is possible to avoid "the conventional A.I. impasse of trying to construct and maintain a consistent logical model of the outside world" (1991, p.86).
Considering the complexity of the "outside world ", it is now obvious that, in the present state of the art, it would be almost impossible to construct an efficient general algorithm into an automata. Furthermore, even in man, rational intelligence is neither needed nor used in many basic behaviors.
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Bertalanffy Center for the Study of Systems Science (2020). Title of the entry. In Charles François (Ed.), International Encyclopedia of Systems and Cybernetics (2). Retrieved from www.systemspedia.org/[full/url]
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