STELLAR TYPE SYSTEM 1)2)
A. MALINOWSKY proposed this concept according to which an integrated system maintains a maximum coordination through a central link, or subsystem, uniting and controlling the whole of the internal organization of the system. Only this central subsystem is tied up in an evolutive way. This means that eventual innovative characteristics within the dependent subsystems are allowed only if they do not contradict the constraints imposed by the central subsystem (See BLAUBERG et al, 1977, p.218)
The appearent contradiction between autopoiesis and evolution seems thus eliminated. Evolution is still possible, but only within the limits of the already strictly fixed characteristics resulting of former evolution.
By the way, this explains why there is no "way back" in evolution: it is never possible to undo what has been done. In parasitism for example, even when various functional subsystems are eliminated or reduced, the basic nature of the paraSite is not altered.
Conversely, a new adaptive device, may very well be quite innovative and solve in a completely unexpected way a seemingly insoluble problem: man has no wings, but he may "fly", for example using a Delta wing.
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Bertalanffy Center for the Study of Systems Science (2020). Title of the entry. In Charles François (Ed.), International Encyclopedia of Systems and Cybernetics (2). Retrieved from www.systemspedia.org/[full/url]
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