J.L. VULLIERME states: "The social composition of individual behaviors depends directly from the cognitive reference that each individual makes on himself; but this reference, in turn, necessarily passes through a reference to the way in which others refers themselves to him."
"This kind of mirroring – from here the term "specularity", from "speculum" latin for mirror – is the condition for possible objective modelization" (1990, p 153).
The so-called "objective modelization" is thus an intersubjective one, obtained by consensus and through a permanent process of consensuality. Moreover, this process is so automatic as to have remained practically inconcious until the 20th. Century (with some exceptions, as for example, BERKELEY).
The specular interactions are obviously an important mechanism of organizational closure and self-organization.
VULLIERME emits this interesting opinion: "… if some day, truly thinking artificial machines do appear, they will necessarily be socialized machines, i.e. machines able to communicate with others, to construct their self-reference through cross referencing with other; and not machines able to modify themselves only because they would be previously apt to modelize objects" (1990, p.153).
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Bertalanffy Center for the Study of Systems Science (2020). Title of the entry. In Charles François (Ed.), International Encyclopedia of Systems and Cybernetics (2). Retrieved from www.systemspedia.org/[full/url]
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