In a complex system, the tendency of similar subsystems or elements to maintain a minimum distance between each others.
As graphically stated by M. MARUYAMA: "You would not build two post offices next to each other"(1994, p. 80). This phenomenon is a result of an inhibiting effect. Each element or subsystem needs sufficient resources within a reach that minimizes the costs of obtaining needed inputs.
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Bertalanffy Center for the Study of Systems Science (2020). Title of the entry. In Charles François (Ed.), International Encyclopedia of Systems and Cybernetics (2). Retrieved from www.systemspedia.org/[full/url]
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