"A concept/philosophy for understanding and considering the Earth as a spaceship with a limited life supporting system or as a finite, complex ecosystem" (UNESCO-UNEP Glossary, 1983, p.25).
In Spaceship Earth, "survival requires wise management of limited resources and harmonious human and environmental relationships" (Ibid).
This concept was introduced in 1966 by K. BOULDING and his short essay has been reprinted in various collections.
- 1) General information
- 2) Methodology or model
- 3) Epistemology, ontology and semantics
- 4) Human sciences
- 5) Discipline oriented
To cite this page, please use the following information:
Bertalanffy Center for the Study of Systems Science (2020). Title of the entry. In Charles François (Ed.), International Encyclopedia of Systems and Cybernetics (2). Retrieved from www.systemspedia.org/[full/url]
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