"A signification bearing unit that cannot be further decomposed" (E. BUCHBERGER, 1987, p.79).
The existence of truly primary semantic units seems doubtful to this compiler. As an example, even very basic systemic and cybernetic concepts as energy, matter, space, time or information and entropy are not the result of a "decomposition" and cannot be defined without reference to other units.
This doubt is also expressed by E. von GLASERSFELD: "Experience has shown that one rarely succeeds in isolating and defining a semantic element the first time it crops up in an analysis; it is only when the same element is found to be relevant in the analysis of other verbs that it gains contour and becomes more satisfactorily defined" (1988, p.20).
The same author speaks of complexes of "semantic nexus" (p.39).
However, the semantic primary concept is certainly useful in classical Artificial Intelligence programing.
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Bertalanffy Center for the Study of Systems Science (2020). Title of the entry. In Charles François (Ed.), International Encyclopedia of Systems and Cybernetics (2). Retrieved from www.systemspedia.org/[full/url]
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