There are two clearly distinguishable meanings for self-organization:
1- The progressive process by way of which a new autopoietic system with inherited and closely limiting characters constitutes its repertory of possible alternative states, all of them compatible with its organizational closure.
2. The progressive emergence of a system of a new type by dissipative structuration during a process of progressively overwhelming giant fluctuations, when over-abundant energy is at disposal.
An interesting comment on this second case by D. HERSHEY: "To describe the behavior of a self-organizing system we need some kind of index of the intensity of energy dissipation, which will provide us with a clue as to its organizing proclivity" (1986, p.6).
W. EBELING and R. FEISTEL add still a third type of self-organization, i.e. "dispersive selforganization (formation of a soliton structure) (1982, p.11).
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Bertalanffy Center for the Study of Systems Science (2020). Title of the entry. In Charles François (Ed.), International Encyclopedia of Systems and Cybernetics (2). Retrieved from www.systemspedia.org/[full/url]
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