RISK SHARING 4)
A collective and cooperative behavior in a social group aiming at mutual protection.
The behavior can be observed in many social animals.
Examples are joint heat production or fanning in beehives, reciprocal protection by swarming against predators in fish schools, or heat sharing by huddling in emperor penguins in the Antartic.
And it is of course in human groups that risk sharing becomes a very general and fundamental behavior in a great variety of ways. P. CORNING considers sharing activities of all kinds as a typical emergence phenomenon produced and expressed through synergies which are in his view a "pan- disciplinary phenomenon"(1998a and b)
- 1) General information
- 2) Methodology or model
- 3) Epistemology, ontology and semantics
- 4) Human sciences
- 5) Discipline oriented
To cite this page, please use the following information:
Bertalanffy Center for the Study of Systems Science (2020). Title of the entry. In Charles François (Ed.), International Encyclopedia of Systems and Cybernetics (2). Retrieved from www.systemspedia.org/[full/url]
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