"… a system event for which another event that occurs to the same system or to its environment is necessary but not sufficient" (R.L. ACKOFF, 1972).
ACKOFF states: "Thus a response is an event of which the system itself is a coproducer". He gives an example in order to distinguish a response from a simple reaction: "… a person's turning on a light when it gets dark is a response to darkness, but the light's going on when the switch is turned: a reaction" (Ibid).
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- 2) Methodology or model
- 3) Epistemology, ontology and semantics
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To cite this page, please use the following information:
Bertalanffy Center for the Study of Systems Science (2020). Title of the entry. In Charles François (Ed.), International Encyclopedia of Systems and Cybernetics (2). Retrieved from www.systemspedia.org/[full/url]
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