I. BLAUBERG et al thus characterize pre-systemic research: "Investigation consisted mostly in 'decomposing' the object under study into parts and in their qualitative description, assuming that it was possible to construct a unique and exhaustive theoretical model of the object that would not depend on the problem being solved or on the methodological apparatus used" (1977, p.119).
In comparison with this method: "The system approach… proceeds from the fact that the specific features of an object (system) are not exhausted by the pecularities of its constituent elements, but are rooted first and foremost in the character of the connections and relations between its elements. Moreover, a complex object is usually a hierarchical polystructured and multi-level formation whose various aspects are studied by different sciences" (Ibid).
Two basic aspects of the systemic methodology thus appear: The need to avoid severing significant connections and the need for reciprocal understanding between disciplines by the use of suitable models of these connections.
- 1) General information
- 2) Methodology or model
- 3) Epistemology, ontology and semantics
- 4) Human sciences
- 5) Discipline oriented
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Bertalanffy Center for the Study of Systems Science (2020). Title of the entry. In Charles François (Ed.), International Encyclopedia of Systems and Cybernetics (2). Retrieved from www.systemspedia.org/[full/url]
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