The direct or cyclical production of elements in a system or a population.
The reproduced elements may be similar to or different from the initial ones. But all must be compatible with the system to which they pertain.
For M. EIGEN, replication is the condition for the shaping of populations, from which different types may form quasi-species, each time that some error threshold is crossed during replication.
From another viewpoint, V. CSANYI writes that, in order to operate replication: "… the constructor needs a description, the information necessary for the copying process. The essence of replication is the function of copying regardless of the particular mechanisms of storage and retrieval of information. It does not matter whether this information is stored separately (as in the case of DNA for example) or is distributed in the whole system (as in society)".
CSANYI also distinguishes temporal replication "as the continuous renewal of the system in time… (in a way) sufficient to maintain the unity and identity of the system and its organization"; and spatial replication, in which: "the system produces its own copy, which becomes separated from it in space" (1993, p.262). This is for example the case of cellular reproduction.
The first case corresponds to autopoiesis, while the second accounts for the growth of populations of some specific type of system, as cells or amoeba.
According to V. CSANYI and G. KAMPIS: "Replication is an imperfect copying of the components directed by information (that is) located… in the component itself or is distributed within the system" (LASZLO, 1991).
This is practically equivalent to autopoiesis and to hypercycle reproduction.
Any system needs an autogenic precursor, whose characteristics reflect a specific combination of information received from former systems.
The authors call "zero-system" such a not yet developed network of components (G. KAMPIS & V. CSANYI, 1986).
- 1) General information
- 2) Methodology or model
- 3) Epistemology, ontology and semantics
- 4) Human sciences
- 5) Discipline oriented
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Bertalanffy Center for the Study of Systems Science (2020). Title of the entry. In Charles François (Ed.), International Encyclopedia of Systems and Cybernetics (2). Retrieved from www.systemspedia.org/[full/url]
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