Every individual constructs his/her personal reference frame and none is perfectly identical to any other.
However they may be more or less similar and they need to be for any social life to become possible.
In fact, people engaged in similar activities (engineers for instance) share a technical reference frame in their specific activity, even if each engineer is working in his own slightly different way. Engineers are thus able to understand each other in their field, and also to develop similar habits and a specific behavior in their society.
In a wider sense, members of the same culture identify themselves through shared beliefs and common understandings: religious, linguistic, philosophical and behavioral.
While reference frames as extended to communities are a convenient abstraction, they correspond anyhow to common mental and psychical orientations, whose effects may lead to a group coordination and even "bring people in line" in the sense of the german word "Gleichschaltung"
- 1) General information
- 2) Methodology or model
- 3) Epistemology, ontology and semantics
- 4) Human sciences
- 5) Discipline oriented
To cite this page, please use the following information:
Bertalanffy Center for the Study of Systems Science (2020). Title of the entry. In Charles François (Ed.), International Encyclopedia of Systems and Cybernetics (2). Retrieved from www.systemspedia.org/[full/url]
We thank the following partners for making the open access of this volume possible: