G. BATESON states that redundancy is not only something perceived and helpful to the receiver of a message.
"In a wider universe, i.e., that defined by the point of view of the observer, this no longer appears as a 'transmission' of information but rather as a spreading of redundancy… The activities of A (the sender) and B (the receiver) have combined to make the universe of the observer more predictable, more ordered and more redundant" (1973, p. 383).
There is however again a condition: The observer must know A and B's codes.
- 1) General information
- 2) Methodology or model
- 3) Epistemology, ontology and semantics
- 4) Human sciences
- 5) Discipline oriented
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Bertalanffy Center for the Study of Systems Science (2020). Title of the entry. In Charles François (Ed.), International Encyclopedia of Systems and Cybernetics (2). Retrieved from www.systemspedia.org/[full/url]
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