According to H.T. ODUM: "… speciation like other creative work involves a random-choice generating process, followed by a choosing system" (1971, p.159). ("choosing device" would be possibly a more suitable term).
ODUM explains: "New species are formed when new adaptations receive better loop reinforcement and reward from the system in which speciation is occuring". Here, the "system" is obviously the ecosystem, or environment.
ODUM adds: "… species are developed for the compatibility of systems. The systems view regards concurrent speciation as a coordinated adaptation to evolving networks… Speciation is best considered as the process of adapting parts (populations) to evolving systems. In human affairs the evolution of specialized industries with their specialized occupational populations is an equivalent process: each industry receives its selective reinforcement according to its economic reward for contribution to other circuits" (Ibid).
The choosing device tends thus to reinforce the network's coherence and, eventually to expand its scope.
An interesting parallelism can be traced with P. VENDRYES' concept of autonomy through probability selection mechanisms.
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To cite this page, please use the following information:
Bertalanffy Center for the Study of Systems Science (2020). Title of the entry. In Charles François (Ed.), International Encyclopedia of Systems and Cybernetics (2). Retrieved from www.systemspedia.org/[full/url]
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