RANDOM PHENOMENON 2)3)
"A phenomenon which associates in a common structure a set of elementary phenomena ("microscopic") and a macroscopic phenomenon, in such a way that the evolution of last one is condictionned by the cumulated effects of the former ones" (J. BONITZER, 1988, p.82).
BONITZER comments: "Such a definition probably seems strange… (it is that) it does not consider probabilities in the first place as elements of a representation (as if it were from a positivistic philosophical angle), but on the contrary the random phenomena themselves, as elements of a reality."
In other words, a random phenomenon is a sum of events or behaviors of the same nature.
In opposition with the individual event, the phenomenon is all-embracing at a more general level (and refers frequently to a system or a systemic process).
This view of randomness is coherent with deterministic chaos.
- 1) General information
- 2) Methodology or model
- 3) Epistemology, ontology and semantics
- 4) Human sciences
- 5) Discipline oriented
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Bertalanffy Center for the Study of Systems Science (2020). Title of the entry. In Charles François (Ed.), International Encyclopedia of Systems and Cybernetics (2). Retrieved from www.systemspedia.org/[full/url]
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