This curious expression was the name of a journal published in the seventies by J. STULMAN. It has been again used by K.DE GREENE (1991, p.65) in his studies on the interconnections between short, medium and long cycles.
The concept has not been completely explored. It seems however to have the general meaning of a hierarchy of action levels.
Small and local effects are produced by small and local fields, which are numerous. They are however framed in spatially and temporally more extended fields, which in turn are still framed in … and so on. An example is the variations of temperature under the dependence of various astronomical fields influences, themselves hierarchically ordered, from daily to seasonal, to sun activity, to secular and multimillenium cycles, and even possibly galactic effects on the scale of geological ages.
The resulting general conceptual frame could be more or less formalized through renormalization models, i.e. with a degree of self-similarity through levels. (See "Self-similarity in WEIERSTRASS functions ").
However, the use of such models for forecasting is problematic, as it must be applied to very complex chaotic systems (even if they remain somehow deterministic in a limited sense).
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Bertalanffy Center for the Study of Systems Science (2020). Title of the entry. In Charles François (Ed.), International Encyclopedia of Systems and Cybernetics (2). Retrieved from www.systemspedia.org/[full/url]
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