A learning process by which the trainee corrects and restricts its or his/her repertory of actions by perception of its or his/her own performance.
A bird who is learning to sing "must be able to hear itself during the motor development phase (period during which it produces a "pre-song"). If it is deprived of hearing before the beginning of the "pre-song", it cannot harmonize its vocal production with what it recorded of its species one. It can then produce only a variable song, unstructured and devoid of all the characteristics proper of its species" (J.W. CLARK, 1972, p.468).
This seems to be a very general feature of learning, as shown for example by the inhability of the "wolf-children" to learn correctly a human language when isolated from humans for too long a period. It seems also to be related to the concept of constraint (ASHBY): any learning is at least in some respects a constraining algorithmization of potentially much more extended capabilities.
- 1) General information
- 2) Methodology or model
- 3) Epistemology, ontology and semantics
- 4) Human sciences
- 5) Discipline oriented
To cite this page, please use the following information:
Bertalanffy Center for the Study of Systems Science (2020). Title of the entry. In Charles François (Ed.), International Encyclopedia of Systems and Cybernetics (2). Retrieved from www.systemspedia.org/[full/url]
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