"Kind of organization whose governing relation is symmetrical independence" (J. FEIBLEMAN & J.W. FRIEND, 1969, p.36).
According to these authors, in this type of ordering: "Parts can survive their separation" (Ibid).
This corresponds to the case of colonial systems, or colonies. If, for some reason, the links between elements or parts become severed, each of them remains able to survive as an autonomous entity. Such is the case of the elements of a sponge, or the multiple clones in a colony of poplars, if the connecting roots are severed, or also in plants which propagate through rhizomes or stolons.
Starting from the adjunction mode of organization it is in principle possible to advance toward more integration or to return to independence.
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Bertalanffy Center for the Study of Systems Science (2020). Title of the entry. In Charles François (Ed.), International Encyclopedia of Systems and Cybernetics (2). Retrieved from www.systemspedia.org/[full/url]
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